Ngakhale ndichofunikira kwambiri pakuwonongeka kwa ubongo pakati pa achinyamata, kupweteka kwaana sikuphunziridwa bwino. Chifukwa sizichitika kawirikawiri, zochepa zomwe zimadziwika za momwe sitiroko limakhudzira kukula kwa mitsempha[1][2].

M'mbuyomu tinkakambirana za imodzi kusaka yoyesedwa ndi Champigny ndi othandizira; mu kafukufukuyu, zidapezeka kuti opulumuka sitiroko amakumana ndi zovuta kwambiri pamaphunziro kuposa anzawo, mwina chifukwa chazovuta. Izi ndi zomwe zidatulukira ngakhale masukulu amasukulu amafanana ndi anzawo.

Kafukufuku wina wochitidwa ndi Peterson ndi ogwira nawo ntchito[2] Imayang'ana kwambiri kwa ana omwe anali atatulutsa matenda a cortical - gawo laubongo lomwe limagwira ntchito yayitali.
Kufufuzako kunaphatikizapo ana 27 omwe ali ndi vuto lamtunduwu, kusanthula zambiri monga kukula ndi malo a lesion, komanso zaka za mwambowo.

Ofufuzawo adalemba kuti ambiri mwa ana adalandira matenda amisala, monga ADHD, mavuto ophunzirira, nkhawa komanso kusokonezeka kwa malingaliro, kapena vuto la chilankhulo. M'malo mwake, izi sizingakhale zachilendo, monga zanenedwa kale mu nkhani yapitayo.

Pazokhudzana ndi chidziwitso chazidziwitso, ana adagwira kwambiri poyerekeza ndi apakati pamayeso a ntchito kukumbukira e kukonza liwiro - komanso awa omwe amapezeka kale kafukufuku amene adakambirana kale.
Kutembenukira mmalo mochita maphunziro, zovuta zofunika kwambiri zomwe zikukhudzidwa mawerengedwe, pomwe maphunziro ena okhudzana ndi kuwerenga, chilankhulo komanso luso lochepetsa mavuto nthawi zambiri amakhala malire.
Kuphatikiza apo, zoyesa zowoneka-zimayikidwa mkati mwazomwezo koma zambiri mu mayeso zidatsika kwambiri kugwirizanitsa magalimoto.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Matenda a semantic mwa akulu: malingaliro ndi machitidwe aulere

Zina zambiri zimayesedwa kudzera pamafunso omwe anamalizidwa ndi makolo a odwala, omwe adawonetsa zovuta pakukumbukira kapena kuthekera kukonzekera ndi kulinganiza, komanso kukhazikitsa ndi kuyang'anira ntchito zomwe zikuyenera kuchitika. Mulimonse momwe zingakhalire, zosankha zomalizazi ziyenera kuganiziridwa mosamala chifukwa zimachokera pazowunikira zambiri kuposa mayeso ochita.

Pomwe amadziwa zochepa zazingwezo, olemba adapitilizanso kusanthula kuti adziwe ngati pali chilichonse mu mbiri ya mabanja chomwe chingathandizire kulakwitsa. Iwo adawona kuti sitiroko yomwe idachitika m'mbuyomu idawonetsa chidwi pazolingalira zamagetsi ndi kuyendetsa magalimoto, pomwe sitiroko yamtundu wa "wamkulu" idakhudza malo onse a Calculator.
Ngakhale zisonyezo zina monga zotupa ndi malo omwe sanali olosera bwino, ofufuzawo adazindikira kuti pafupifupi 86% ya mphamvu zotsika inali ndi zotupa zapakati mpaka zazikulu, nthawi zambiri kumanja ndikuphatikiza ndi kutsogolo kwa lobe.

Chosangalatsa chochitika ndi olemba nchakuti maphunziro apamwamba amayi okhudzana ndi malankhulidwe abwinoko mwa ana, limodzi ndi luntha lapamwamba kwambiri, kuwerenga mawu ndi kumvetsetsa kwa chilankhulo.

Peterson ndi anzawo adaganiza kuti ana ambiri omwe adwala chifukwa cha matenda opha ziwalo atha zambiri, mayeso ozindikira amtundu wofananira kuyembekezera zaka zawo. Komabe, pali zoperewera pazokhudzana ndikukumbukira momwe ntchito ikugwirira ntchito, kuthamanga kwa liwiro kapena kugwirizanitsa (chomalizachi, zotheka, chifukwa chakuwonongeka kwa dzanja lamphamvu).
Zomwe zimatha kulosera kuti zingagwire ntchito mwazidziwitso sizinafotokozedwe bwino ndipo zimafunikira kafukufuku wina asanadziwe zomveka bwino.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Dyslexia diagnostic. Upangiri wocheperako kwa makolo

Monga maphunziro ambiri amtunduwu, kafukufuku amene akufunsidwayo amayenera kuthana ndi njira zina zoperewera monga kuchuluka kwa maphunziro omwe adawerengedwa, kuchuluka kwa ophunzira kwambiri - pafupifupi 59% osakwana zaka 10 - ndipo kapangidwe koyeneranso (komwe kumayang'ana za zomwe zidalipo kale kuti mudziwe mawu, m'malo mofufuza zomwe zitha kuyerekezedwa mu nthawi yeniyeni ndikuziyerekeza ndi gulu lolamulira lomwe lakhazikitsidwa pazikhalidwe zina).

Ngakhale zili zonse, kafukufukuyu amalozera pazinthu zofunika pokhudzana ndi mutu wofufuzidwa pang'ono, ndipo zimapereka malingaliro oyenerera omwe ayenera kuwunikiridwa ndi maphunziro apamwamba.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake