Dorta, bepre, buolo… Zitha kuganiziridwa mwangozi voids za chilankhulo, kapena mawu omwe atha kukhala ndi tanthauzo mu Chitaliyana, koma omwe alibe chifukwa, kwazaka zambiri, palibe amene wawapatsa. M'malo mwake, sizotsimikizika kuti alibe tanthauzo ili m'chiyankhulo china kupatula Chitaliyana (kapena chilankhulo chakomweko) kapena kuti sangadzapeze mtsogolo muno. Pachifukwa ichi amatanthauzidwa ngati osakhala mawu (mu ma pseudowords achingerezi)

Chofunikira, mwanjira zina chotsutsana, ndikuti omwe si mawu omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito poyesa mayeso amatsatira phonotaxis za chilankhulo cha ku Italy. Mwachidule, ngakhale atakhala kuti si mawu achi Italiya, atha kukhala chifukwa amalemekeza ndondomeko ya mavawelo ndi makonsonanti woyenera mchilankhulo chathu. Tiyeni titenge zathu, mwachitsanzo Makina opanga-mawu ndipo tinakhazikitsa dongosolo (mwachitsanzo: CV-CVC-CV). Pakadina paliponse tidzapeza ena osakhala mawu: zefalfi, lidetre, gupecca. Monga mukuwonera, amalemekeza malamulo onse opangidwa ku Italy. Mwachidule, sitipeza mawu ngati: qalohke kapena puxaxda.

Chifukwa chomwe osagwiritsa ntchito mawu amagwiritsidwa ntchito, powerenga ndi kulemba, ndikuti amatilola kuti tifufuze zomwe zimatchedwa njira yamawu, ndiyo makina omwe amatilola kusankha "zidutswa" za liwu lililonse ndikuzisintha, pang'ono ndi pang'ono, kukhala ma graphemes (pankhani yolemba) kapena phokoso (pakuwerenga mokweza). Njira yamatchulidwe ndi njira yothandiza kwambiri powerenga mawu achilendo kapena osadziwika, koma imakhala yochedwa kwambiri pamawu omwe tikudziwa (makamaka, timawerenga mawu awa "pang'ono" poyambitsa zomwe zimatchedwa kudzera mwa lexical). Kuchokera poyerekeza pakati pa phonological path and the lexical pathways ndizotheka kupanga malingaliro okhudzana ndi kupezeka kapena kupezeka kwa dyslexia mwa mwana kapena wamkulu.


Chifukwa china chomveka chosagwiritsira ntchito mawu ndichakuti, popeza kulibe mu Chitaliyana, amawerengedwa kuti ndi "osalowerera ndale" pakuwunika kwa ana, achinyamata ndi akulu omwe samalankhula Chitaliyana monga L1. M'malo mwake, ndizovuta kuyembekezera kuti mwana yemwe sanadziwike kwambiri ku Italiya amatha kuwerenga mawu mwachangu ngati munthu amene wakhala akudziwana nawo kwazaka zambiri, pomwe akukhulupirira kuti osagwiritsa ntchito mawu angachititse manyazi onse mofanana, momwe ayenera khalani atsopano kwa onse. Koma kodi zidzakhala zoona?

Kwenikweni pali osachepera mbali ziwiri zofunikira zomwe zikunena ndendende pazomwe tidanena kale:

  • Mawu osakhala, pazolinga zonse, mawu osakhalapo ndipo ayenera kusinthidwa kwathunthu. Komabe, onse omwe sanali mawu omwe tidalemba kumayambiriro kwa nkhaniyi (dorta, bepre, buolo) ali ofanana kwambiri ndi mawu omwe adalipo kale m'Chitaliyana (khomo, kalulu, wabwino kapena nthaka); kodi tingakhale otsimikiza kuti liwu losakhala liwonetsedwa lonse? Kodi mawu oti "tamente" ndi "lurisfo" amawerengedwa mwachangu womwewo kapena kodi omwe adakhudzidwa kale ndi kupezeka kwa cholembera -mente chomwe chimagwiritsidwa ntchito mobwerezabwereza m'Chitaliyana? Mwanjira imeneyi timalankhula za "ofanana ndi mawu”Mwa osakhala mawu: ndi mawu opangidwa, koma nthawi zina kwambiri - kwambiri - ofanana ndi mawu omwe alipo. Izi zitha kupindulitsa wowerenga waku Italiya kuposa iwo omwe sanawululidwe pang'ono ndipo atha kuyambitsa pang'ono njira yolankhulira (yomwe timafuna kupewa). Kwa wamkulu, mwachitsanzo, ndimawawona ngati owonetsa kwambiri mawu osokoneza batire BDA 16-30.
  • Mawu omwe sanagwiritsidwe ntchito poyesa kuwerenga amalemekeza phonotaxis aku Italiya osati, mwachitsanzo, aku Norway kapena aku Germany. Zodabwitsazi zitha kupatsa mwayi wowerenga waku Italiya kuposa waku Norway kapena waku Germany, chifukwa chake zimapangitsa kuti kusalowerera ndale kosagwirizana ndi mawu kugwere.

Ngakhale pali zoperewera izi, mawu osagwiritsidwa ntchito amagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakuwunika ndi kuchiritsa njira yamawu pakuwerenga kapena kulemba, kwa ana ndi akulu omwe. M'dera lomalizali, maphunziro a Pulofesa Basso, omwe amawona za osati mawu ngati njira yokhayo yotsimikiziranso kuti mukugwira ntchito pamawu amawu. Kuchokera pazomwe ndakumana nazo, komabe, ndapeza zovuta zambiri pakukhazikitsa ntchito zosakhala mawu, makamaka chifukwa anthu aphasic nthawi zina zimawavuta kuzindikira kukhalapo kapena ayi, ndipo kugwiritsa ntchito mawu opangidwa kumawerengedwa kuti gwero la chisokonezo ndikuwononga nthawi. Odwala ambiri, amakakamira kuti abwezere mawu omwe adalipo kale, ndipo amayamba kugaya ntchitoyo pamawu ena.

Pamapeto pake, osakhala mawu amakhalabe chida chofunikira kwambiri kuti amvetsetse njira zomwe zimagwiritsidwa ntchito powerenga; kuyerekezera ndi mawu onse mwachangu komanso molondola imapereka chidziwitso chofunikira pamalingaliro omwe amagwiritsidwa ntchito ndi mutuwo ndikulolani kuti mukhazikitse ntchito yokhazikika yokonzanso kapena kukonzanso.

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