Kuyankhulana ndikutumiza zidziwitso kuchokera kwa munthu wina kupita kwa mnzake kudzera muzogawana, kaya ndi mawu, manja kapena zophiphiritsa. Anomy ndiye chiwonetsero chambiri chaaphasia. Ndi, m'njira yosavuta, zovuta za pezani mawu oyenera mwachangu.

Akuyerekeza kuti mwa anthu atatu omwe adawonongeka ndi ubongo, m'modzi ndi wopepuka. Kulosera zamatsenga kumatengera zinthu ziwiri:

  • Kukula kwake
  • Mphamvu yamankhwala olankhula

Kafukufuku wambiri wawonetsa kale Mphamvu yothandizira pakulankhula pochiza post-stroke anomia. Komabe, Kulankhula mwamphamvu komanso mosalekeza sikupezeka nthawi zonse pazifukwa zachuma komanso / kapena mtunda (nthawi zambiri, zikwapu zimayambitsanso zovuta kusunthira, komwe kuyenda kumakhala kovuta kwambiri).

Mu 2015, Zheng ndi anzawo [2] adachita kafukufuku wothandiza kwa matekinoloje atsopano atagwidwa ndi sitiroko pambuyo pake, kuti apeze kupambana kwa mankhwala operekedwa kudzera kompyuta poyerekeza ndi mankhwala achikhalidwe (Verb network yolimbikitsa Chithandizo, kapena VNetSc). Kuphatikiza apo, chithandizo chodzipangira chokha kudzera pazida zamagetsi mtengo wotsika ndi 30% poyerekeza ndi mankhwala achikale. Kafukufuku wambiri adatsata kuwunikiranso za chiphunzitsochi pogwiritsa ntchito zida zamakompyuta, koma mafunso ena sanapezeke, mwachitsanzo:

  • Palibe maphunziro awa omwe adaphatikizira piritsi ngati chida chothandizira kuthana ndi vuto
  • Palibe kafukufuku yemwe adafufuza momwe ntchito zothandizila zimayendetsedwera kudzera m'matekinoloje onse

Phunziro

Mu 2017, Lavoie ndi anzawo [1] adasindikiza kuwunika mwatsatanetsatane Pogwiritsa ntchito matekinoloje atsopano pochiza anomie. Kafukufuku wa 23 adasankhidwa kuchokera kumasamba osiyanasiyana (PubMed, Google scholar, PsycInfo ndi ena). Njira yomwe adagwiritsa ntchito inali ya Ndemanga ya PRISMA.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Aphasia ndi chipembedzo: kuyerekezera njira ndi zotsatira

Zotsatira zotsatirazi zidaganiziridwa:

  1. Kupititsa patsogolo kutchula dzina
  2. Mphamvu yogwiritsira ntchito mankhwalawa polumikizana tsiku ndi tsiku

M'maphunziro ena, ukadaulo udagwiritsidwa ntchito m'malo azachipatala pamaso pa dokotala; mwa ena, chithandizocho chinali chodzipangira chokha ndipo chipangizocho chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kunyumba, ngati sing'angayo palibe.

Zotsatira zake

Olembawo anamaliza kuti:

  • Onse adadzichitira okhaokha ndipo adachitika pamaso pa wodwalayo zakhala zogwira mtima pokweza dzina
  • Mankhwala omwe amadzipatsa okha kudzera m'makompyuta ndi mapiritsi athandiza kulankhulana kwa odwala kukulitsa kudzidalira kwawo, kuwalimbikitsa kuti azigwira ntchito pawokha pakompyuta ndikuwalola kusankha nthawi, malo komanso nthawi yayitali

zofooka

Ngakhale zili zolimbikitsa izi, panali zoperewera zina zokhudzana ndi pulogalamu yomwe idagwiritsidwa ntchito, makamaka:

  • Zizindikiro ndizochepa kwambiri
  • Malangizo ovuta kwambiri

Zinthu ziwirizi, mwatsoka, zitha kuchepetsa kugwiritsa ntchito kudziyimira pawokha ndikuwonjezera kukhumudwa kwa wodwalayo.

Tsogolo labwino

Izi, komabe, ndizolimbikitsa komanso zikukakamiza kuphatikizira njira zamankhwala zoperekedwa kudzera pazida zamagetsi pazitsogozo ndikuwonetsa machitidwe azachipatala abwino. Komabe, maphunziro owonjezera adzafunika, makamaka mayesero olamulidwa ndi osasinthika, ndikutsatiridwa kupitirira miyezi isanu ndi umodzi. Kuphatikiza apo, tikukhulupirira kuti maphunzirowa apitiliranso kuwonetseredwe kena ka aphasia monga zovuta zakumvetsetsa ndi kupanga morphosyntactic.

Muthanso kukhala ndi chidwi ndi:

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Aphasia: kamangidwe ka chiganizo (gawo 2: kukonzanso)

Zida zathu za aphasia

Mapulogalamu athu onse akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa intaneti kwaulere. Kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti-mapulogalamu ngakhale osasokoneza pa pc yanu ndikuthandizira ntchito yathu ndikotheka download aphasia KIT. Msonkhanowu uli ndi mapulogalamu asanu a pawebusayiti (Lembani mawu, Kumvetsetsa kwa lexiki, Kutchula masilabo, Kuzindikira masilabulu ndi Zilembo) kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito pa PC komanso masamba opitilira chikwi amakhadi okhala ndi zochitika zosindikiza, matebulo olumikizirana ndi zida zosiyanasiyana.

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