Takambirana kale za udindo wa oyang'anira mu oneneratu zoyeserera kusukulu ndi kuphatikiza kukumbukira ntchito ndi kuwerengera. Lero, komabe, tiwona kafukufuku wochita ndi Wel ndi anzawo (2018) [1] omwe adaziyesa maubale ntchito zazikulu ndi kuphunzira kwa masamu, ndi kafukufuku wazaka 4 wa ana achi China.

Kuyambira pa mtundu wa Miyake [2], ofufuzawo adaganizira magawo atatu a magawo apamwamba a ntchito zazikulu:

  • chopingaKutha kupondereza zopinga ndi chidziwitso chosayenera
  • kusinthasintha: kuthekera kukhazikitsa machitidwe osiyana siyana malinga ndi kusintha kwa malamulo kapena mtundu wa ntchito
  • ntchito kukumbukiraKutha kusunga ndikusintha chidziwitso kwakanthawi

Phunziro adatsata ana 192 achi China chachiwiri omaliza zaka XNUMX, kumapeto kwake ndi 165 okha omwe adachitapo nawo kafukufukuyu. Zowunikira ntchito zazikuluzikulu zidapangidwa ndi:

  • Ma polumikizidwe (CAS betri) yosinthika
  • Kuwonetsetsa kwakukulu (batri ya CAS) yopewera
  • Sinthani utali wa digito (batri la WISC) pakukumbukira

Kusanthula kwa tsatanetsatane, kuchuluka kwa magawo ena monga nzeru zopanda mawu, kukonza liwiro ndi tanthauzo la manambala, zikuwonetsa kuti magawo onse atatu azinthu zantchito yayikulu alumikizidwa, koma amalosera mbali zosiyanasiyana. Makamaka:

  • Kukumbukira ntchito kumawoneka ngati kuneneratu kukula kwa kulondola pakuwerengera
  • Zoletsa komanso kukumbukira ntchito zikuwoneka kuti zikugwirizana ndi gawo loyambirira la liwiro lowerengera, koma osati ndi kukula kwake

Ngakhale pali kusiyana pakati pa masukulu a Chitchaina ndi Chitaliyana, awa ndi data yoyamba yomwe imatilola kuzindikira zinthu zomwe zimayitanitsidwa mu maluso osiyanasiyana, ndi cholinga chothandizira machitidwe othandizira mtsogolo.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Ngati pulofesayo akuganiza kuti "sizili ndi inu, simuli bwino masamu"

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

kuwerenga ndi ntchito zazikulu
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