Munkhani yapita ija tinakambirana kafukufuku pa ntchito zazikulu zomwe zimaneneratu luso la masamu.

Nthawi ino, komabe, chifukwa cha kafukufuku wolemba ndi Johann ndi anzawo [1], tidzakambirana ntchito zazikulu ndi kuwerenga. Makamaka, pakuwerenga, kupanga madilesi ndi kumvetsetsa, zigawo ziwiri zodziyimira koma zophatikizika kwambiri, ziwunika.

Chosokosera ndichoti zigawo zingapo za ntchito zazikulu zimatha kutenga gawo lofunikira pakuwerenga. Makamaka:

  • La ntchito kukumbukira mwambiri, malinga ndi kafukufuku waposachedwa (makamaka kuwunikira kwa meta ndi Peng ndiogwira nawo ntchito [2]), imagwirizana kwambiri ndi luso la kuwerenga, makamaka zaka zoyambira, kapena gawo logulika, polemba kukumbukira wapakamwa makamaka zingakhale zothandiza m'magawo amtsogolo.
  • La kusinthasintha itha kutenga gawo lalikulu pakuwongolera kusintha pakati pa chidziwitso chofunikira chomwe mwangowerenga ndi chidziwitso chatsopano chomwe mungachipeze pakuwerenga.
  • L 'chopinga Itha kugwiritsidwa ntchito kuzindikira zofunikira pakuwerenga, kusiya zosafunikira.

Phunziro

Phunziroli lidachitika 186 ana aku Germany grad wachitatu ndi wachinayi omwe adathandiza:

  • Ntchito yopanikira (kukumbukira mawu)
  • Ntchito yokhala ngati stroop (choletsa)
  • Ntchito yosintha (kusinthasintha)
  • Chiyeso chowerengera
  • Mayeso a luntha lamatsenga (matrices achikuda a Raven)

Mu batire yakuyesera yaku Germany (ELFE 1-6) kuwunika kumvetsetsa kumachitika pamiyeso itatu:

  • Mawu (zinthu 72): mutuwo umayang'ana chithunzicho ndipo ayenera kusankha liwu lolingana kuchokera kumawu 4 ofananitsa ndi mawu (3 maminiti kuti apange momwe angathere)
  • Chi sente (28 ziganizo): mutu uyenera kusankha mawu kuti umalize chiganizo kuchokera kwa osokoneza 4 ofananitsa ndi mawu (3 mphindi kuti apange momwe angathere)
  • Kumvetsetsa (malembedwe 13): nkhaniyo iyenera kuwerenga malembawo ndikuyankha mafunso 20 angapo osankhidwa omwe afunsidwa mphindi zisanu ndi ziwiri
Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Zinthu 5 zofunika kudziwa za oyang'anira

Zotsatira zake

Kafukufukuyu adawonetsa kuti:

  • Kugwira ntchito kwanthawi yayitali ndi kuletsa zimagwirizana kwambiri ndi liwiro la kuwerenga, koma (modabwitsa) osati ndi mawu omvetsetsa
  • Kusinthasintha imagwirizana kwambiri ndi kumvetsetsa kwa lembalo
  • Nzeru zamphamvu imagwirizanitsa zonse ndi kumvetsetsa kwa lembalo komanso liwiro la kuwerenga

Mwambiri, monga taonera pa ubale pakati ntchito zazikulu ndi luso masamu, maphunziro ngati awa amayamba kuwongolera ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa ogonjera amodzi ndi zotsatira zomwe timayesetsa kukwaniritsa, ndipo izi zitha kukhala zothandiza pokonzekera njira. Komabe, nthawi zonse ndikofunikira kukumbukira kuti mtundu wa oyang'anira ndi, monga nthawi zonse, wachitsanzo, ndi Nthawi zambiri njira zomwe zimakhudzidwa ndizochulukirapo kuposa zomwe zimaphatikizidwa mu kafukufuku; Chiwopsezo chakuphonya zinthu zomwe zingakhale zosokoneza ndiye kuti ziyenera kuganiziridwanso.

Kuphatikizanso, monga momwe amayembekezerera poyamba, ubale pakati pa kukumbukira kukumbukira ndikuwerenga ukusiyana ndi zaka, chifukwa chake kafukufuku wonga uyu, wopangidwira ana a giredi lachitatu ndi chinayi, sangakhale ophatikizika m'makalasi apamwamba komanso apamwamba. Komabe, imakhalabe poyambira poyesa kumvetsetsa njira zosiyanasiyana zomwe zimayambira kuthamanga ndi kumvetsetsa, ntchito ziwiri zogwirizana koma, monga zatsimikiziridwa ndi phunziroli, komanso m'njira zina zoyima pawokha.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

ntchito wamkulu masamuKumvetsetsa kwa lembalo
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