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Zimatha bwanji: Malipoti omaliza ndi matenda omwe angachitike ngati atapezeka (DSA)

Via Ugo Bassi 10, Bologna

Kodi kuwunika kwa mankhwalawa ndikuwonetsa chiyani?

Cholinga cha njira yodziwitsira matenda ndikupanga imodzi kuwunika kolondola kwa maluso ndi zovuta za mnyamatayo, kudutsa nkhani e mayeso okhazikika kuti aziyesa maluso m'malo ambiri.

Maluso omwe amafufuzidwa atha kukhala osiyanasiyana, kuphatikiza a chilankhuloLa kukumbukira, L 'Attenzione ndi luso la kulingalira. Pankhani yamavuto akusukulu, mayeso okhazikika pamaphunziro amaperekedwanso (kuwerenga, kulemba e mawerengedwe).

Pamapeto pa kuyesa, lipoti lolemba limaperekedwa momwe zimadziwika (zovuta ndi mphamvu) za munthu.

Nthawi zina machitidwe awa amalola kuti apange matenda omwe apezeka ndi vuto la kuphunzira (matendawa, dysorthography, dyscalculia, dysgraphia), chisokonezo cha chidwi (ADHD) ndi / kapena kusokonezeka kwa chilankhulo.

Chidziwitso chilichonse cha DSA choperekedwa kumapeto kwa kuyesedwa chimalandiridwa ku Emilia-Romagna monga matenda kuchokera ku National Health Service.

Ndi za ndani?

Njira yamtunduwu ndi yoyenera makamaka pamitundu yambiri. Mwachitsanzo, pamene munthu akukumana ndi zovuta kukhalabe wolunjika, kuloweza zidziwitso ndi njira (malembedwe oti aphunzire, magome ochulukitsa, njira zowerengera ...), kufotokoza malingaliro, kuwerenga molondola komanso kumvetsetsa zolembedwa ndi pakamwa. Makamaka, ndizothandiza pamene zina mwamaganizidwezi zikukayikiridwa:

  • matendawa (mavuto akuwerenga)
  • dysorthography (zovuta zoperewera)
  • dyscalculia (zovuta kuwerengera)
  • dysgraphia (zovuta kupanga zolembedwa zodziwika)
  • ADHD (chidwi ndi zovuta zakulumikizana)
  • Zosokoneza zolankhula

Zimatha bwanji?

Mafunso okakamiza. Ndi mphindi yodziwika bwino yomwe cholinga chake ndi kupeza zambiri zokhudzana ndi mbiri ya odwala. Gawoli limathandizira kuzindikira vuto lomwe lingakhalepo ndipo limapereka kuyang'ana koyambirira kukhazikitsa gawo lowunika.

Kuunika ndi kuzindikira dongosolo. Pakuwunika, mwana (kapena mwana) adzakumana ndi mayeso omwe ali ndi cholinga, chonse, chofufuza magwiridwe antchito ndi kuphunzira.

Kukonzekera lipotilo ndi kubwereza mafunso. Kumapeto kwa njira yofufuzira, lipoti lipangidwe lomwe lifotokoze mwachidule zomwe zidatuluka m'magawo akale. Malingaliro okhudza kulowerera adzanenedwanso. Lipotili lidzaperekedwa ndikufotokozeranso makolo panthawi yomwe akukambirana mafunso obwereza, kufotokoza zomwe zafotokozedwa komanso zomwe zingachitike.

Kodi tingatani?

Kutengera zomwe zidawunikira, njira zosiyanasiyana zitha kukhazikitsidwa:

Pankhani ya vuto linalake la kuphunzira, chifukwa cha Lamulo la 170 / 2010, sukuluyo iyenera kutulutsa chikalata chotchedwa Personalised Didactic Plan (PDP), momwe adzawonetsera zida zolipirira ndi kufalitsa zomwe adzagwiritse ntchito kusintha maphunziridwe ake paphunzitsidwe kamwana / kamwana kakuphunzirira (onani: DSA diagnostic: chochita chotsatira?).

Pamavuto ena, mwachitsanzo kuwunikira kapena kukumbukira, nthawi zonse kumatha kukhazikitsa dongosolo lophunzitsira mwamphamvu malinga ndi oyang'anira BES (Zophunzitsira Zapadera).

Komanso, misonkhano ya kulankhula Therapy kusintha magawo okhudzana ndi chilankhulo kapena kuphunzira (kuwerenga, kulemba ndi kuwerengera), maphunziro a neuropsychology kulimbikitsa chidwi ndi luso loloweza komanso maphunziro ophunzitsira makolo kuti apeze njira zoyenera zothetsera mavuto amtundu wa mwana.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

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