Ana ambiri okhala ndi dyslexia ndi dysorthography chikuwonetsa zovuta zamafoni zomwe zimawonetsedwa ndi zovuta pokonza ndikukumbukira machitidwe amawu komanso ubale wapakati pa phoneme ndi grapheme.

Komabe, ngakhale chilankhulo ndi kuphunzira zimagwirizana kwambiri, pali ana omwe ali ndi vuto lolankhula momveka bwino omwe amatha kulemba popanda zolakwa. Chifukwa chiyani?

Pa ubale wa chilankhulo ndi kuphunzira zilipo Mitundu inayi yayikulu:

  • Chimodzi modabwitsa zovuta (Tallal [1]): pali chosowa choyambirira chomwe chimadziwonetsa ngati vuto la chilankhulo (ngati chili chovuta) komanso vuto la kuphunzira (ngati lili lofatsa). Ikhoza kukhala kuchepera komweko komwe kumadziwonekera mosiyana ndi nthawi.
  • Zinthu ziwiri (Bishop [2]): zovuta ziwiri zimagawana zomwe zimawonongeka, koma kusokonezeka kwa chilankhulo kumakhalanso ndi kusokonekera pamlingo wamalankhulidwe apakamwa
  • Modorbidity mod (Amphaka [3]): zovuta ziwiri izi zimachokera ku zolakwika ziwiri, zomwe zimachitika nthawi zambiri
  • Zochulukitsa zingapo (Pennington [4]): Zosokoneza ziwirizi zimachitika chifukwa cha zinthu zambiri, zina zomwe zikuchulukana

Ngakhale iwo omwe samathandizira njira yolankhulirana mosadukiza amazindikira kukhalapo kwa zinthu zina kupyola chilankhulo ndi kuphunzira. Mwachitsanzo, Bishop [2] akuti kutchula dzina mwachangu (RAN) kumatha kukhala ndi gawo loteteza ku dyslexia mwa ana omwe ali ndi vuto la kulankhula, ndiye kuti, amatha kuthana ndi mavuto a zilankhulo kudzera mwa kukonzanso mwachangu. Zachidziwikire, kuposa RAN imodzimodziyo ikhoza kukhala maluso omwe akukhudzidwa ndi RAN, koma lingaliro limakhalabe lodabwitsa mofananamo.

Kafukufuku waku Russia [5] adayesetsa kumvetsetsa ntchito yodziwitsa zazamatsenga ndi RAN mukulankhula kwa vuto la kuyankhula komanso / kapena kuphunzira.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: PLS - Kuyesa Kwambiri Kwambiri (kuyesa kwa kuwerenga kosapezekanso kwaulere)

Phunziro

Phunziroli lidayambiranso Ana 149 aku Russia wazaka zapakati pa 10 ndi 14. Gululi loyeserera linali ndi ana 18 omwe anali ndi vuto la chilankhulo chokha, 13 omwe anali ndi vuto lolemba ndipo 11 ali ndi vuto lolankhula komanso zovuta kulemba.

  • Pakuwunikira mabuku owerengera achilankhulo agwiritsidwa ntchito poti palibe umboni wotsimikizika wa chilankhulo cha Chirasha
  • Pakuwunika kwa kulemba kwalemba mawu a mawu a 56 adagwiritsidwa ntchito
  • Kuyesedwa kopanda mawu kwakuthupi kunaperekedwanso
  • Mayeso ena okhudzana ndi kuzindikira kwa phonological ndi morphological adayendetsedwa, komanso kuyesa kobwereza kosagwiritsa ntchito mawu
  • Pomaliza, magwiridwe antchito atangotchulidwa mayina anayeza

Zotsatira zake

Chosangalatsa kwambiri chomwe chatulukira kuchokera koyang'anira mayeso ndikuti:

  • Ndi 42% Ana omwe ali ndi vuto la kulankhula anali ndi zofunika kuti adziwe matenda a dysorthography
  • Ndi 31% Ana a dysorthographic anali ndi zofunika kuti adziwe ngati ali ndi vuto la kulankhula.

Ana omwe anali ndi vuto lolemba adawonetsa zovuta m'malembedwe, kuzindikira zam'mbuyomu komanso kupembedzera komanso kutchulanso zinthu, manambala ndi zilembo. Ana omwe ali ndi vuto la chilankhulo okha adawonetsa zovuta pamavuto amisili, mu kutumiza mayina mwachangu ndi mitundu. Gulu losakanikirana, komabe, adawonetsa zovuta pazinthu zonse.

Kuchokera pamawonekedwe amachitidwe azidziwitso, pomwe zovuta pakumvetsetsa kwa mafoni ndi kuwatchulanso zilembo mwachangu zikuwoneka kuti ndi zamagulu onsewa, pali mawonekedwe apadera a awa awiri:

  • Kusokonekera kwa zilankhulo: Kutchula pang'ono pang'onopang'ono komanso kutanthauzira bwino kwa mitundu (ngakhale izi zimawoneka kuti zakhudzidwa ndi mawonekedwe a chilankhulo cha Russia)
  • Kusokoneza Kulembapo: Kuchepetsa ma digito ndi mitundu ya ma id, komanso kulondola pang'ono pobwereza mawu osakhala mawu ndi kuzindikira kwa phonological
Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Olimpiki ophunzirira - Vol 1

Mawuwo

Pamapeto pake, ngakhale pali zinthu zina za phunziroli zomwe ziyenera kuwerengedwa mchilankhulo cha ku Italy, zotsatira zake zikuwoneka kuti zikuyenda kulowera pamitundu yoyambira. Chiyanjano pakati pa chilankhulo ndi kulemba ndichachidziwikire, koma osafikira kulosera kwachiwiri kuyambira koyambirira. Zina zambiri zimathandizira, moyenera komanso molakwika, pakupanga luso loyenerera la matchulidwe. Monga nthawi zonse, motero, ndikofunikira kudziwa ndikugwiritsa ntchito zida zosiyanasiyana zowunikira kudziwa zomwe zingafotokoze zovuta zomwe zikuwonetsedwa kusukulu.

Muthanso kukonda:

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

Kumvetsetsa kwa lembaloKugwira ntchito yokumbukira ndi kuzindikira zamatsenga