Kodi kuzindikira zamatsenga ndi chiyani?

La kuzindikira kwa phonological ndi kuthekera koyerekeza ndi kusanja kapangidwe ka mawu. Amawerengera kuti ndi amodzi mwa akatswiri ofunikira kwambiri kuwerengera ndipo ulalowu ukukhulupirira kuti uyandikira kwambiri m'zilankhulo zomwe zimakhala ndi opaque spelling.

Phunziro

Kafukufuku wolemba Knopp-van Campen ndi anzawo [1] amapititsa patsogolo lingaliro lotere maubale ntchito kukumbukira kuwerenga kuwerenga kumathandizira pakudziwitsa mwatsatanetsatane: kusowa kwa kukumbukira kwa ntchito kungadzetse zovuta pakuchita ntchito yodziwitsa zamatsenga ndipo izi zingapangitse kuwerenga kosavuta mu masewera.

Komabe, kuzindikira zamatsenga kumakhulupirira kuti ndikofunikira mu zaka zoyambirira zamaphunziro aukadaulo, koma pambuyo pake kukwaniritsa "padenga" (mwachangu kwambiri kuolembera, pang'onopang'ono, komabe pofika kumapeto kwa sukulu ya pulayimale, m'malekezi). Koma kodi izi zilidi choncho?

Zolinga za phunziroli:

  • Onaninso ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa chizindikiritso cha mawu ndi mawu owerengera kumapeto kwa sukulu ya pulaimale
  • Mvetsetsani ngati ndi momwe kukumbukira ntchito kumakhudzira kuwerenga mawu

Kuyankha mfundo yoyamba, ana 663 a giredi lachisanu anapatsidwa mayeso okhudzana ndi kuwerenga ndi kuwerenga. Kuti tiyankhe yachiwiri, ana ochepa 50 omwe ali ndi dyslexia adayesanso kukumbukira zinthu zina.

Zida zogwiritsidwa ntchito

  • Kugwiritsa ntchito ntchito: Kutalikiranso manambala
  • Chidziwitso chamatsenga: kuletsa kwa phoneme ndi supuni
  • Kuwerenga: kuyesa kwa mphindi zitatu (makadi atatu okhala ndi mawu ovuta, cholinga chake ndi kuwerenga chiwerengero chachikulu m'mphindi imodzi pa khadi)

Zotsatira zake

Zotsatira zakukana mawu oyamba: ngakhale mwa ana okulirapo, Kuzindikira kwa mauthenga kumawoneka kuti kukugwirizana ndi kuwerenga momwemonso muzochitika zonsezo ndi zovuta kuzizindikira. Zotsatira zamaphunziro am'mbuyomu mwina zidachitika chifukwa choti mayeso ovuta kwambiri omwe amafunikira kukonzanso kwa luso lamatchulidwe sanali kugwiritsa ntchito ana okalamba.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Mavuto ophunzirira: kodi muyenera kuzindikira liti?

Kunena za mfundo yachiwiri, mu ana osokoneza kukumbukira kukumbukira ntchito kumawoneka kuti kumawunikira phindu pakuwerenga kudzera pakudziwitsa zazidziwitso zazamisoni. Makamaka, ana ovuta omwe sangathe kulumikizana, ndikupitiliza kugwira ntchito zolaula ngakhale ndi mawu odziwika, kukumbukira ntchito kumakumbukiridwa nthawi zonse.

Mawuwo

Monga tawonetsera mu zolemba zina, kukumbukira kukumbukira (makamaka mawu omvera) ndi zina mwazinthu zomwe zimapangitsa kuwerenga, ngakhale atakula.

Nthawi zambiri zimaganiziridwa kuti mayesero a luso laphokoso, ngakhale pang'ono pang'onopang'ono, amatha kukhala okhutira ngakhale mwa ana omwe ali ndi vuto lophunzira.

Phunziroli, mmalo mwake, zidawonetsedwa momwe kusankha kwa zovuta zovuta kumathandizira kutsata kusiyana kwakukulu pakuchita ngakhale kumapeto kwa sukulu ya pulayimale. Zowerengera za phunziroli, mogwirizana ndi mfundo yachiwiriyo, ndi osafufuza ubale womwe ulipo pakati pa kukumbukira ntchito, kuzindikira kwa mawu ndi kuwerenga komanso kuwerenganso, popeza kumvetsetsa momwe magwiridwe antchito a kuwerenga kungatithandizire kumvetsetsa za mtundu wa zovuta.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

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