La Development dyslexia ndi vuto linalake la kuphunzira (SLD) lomwe limawonekera movutikira pakuwerenga mwachangu komanso molondola. Pazovuta kwambiri, kuvutikaku kumachokera koyambirira kwamakalata owerengera ndipo itha kuphatikizaponso kulemba ndi kuwerengera.

Kafukufuku wambiri wachitika pa dyslexia, onse kuti ayese kupeza zomwe zimayambitsa ndi zisonyezo zoyambirira, ndikupeza njira zoyenera kwambiri zochepetsera mavutowa. Malo omwe amaphunziridwa kwambiri ndi a njira zopezera mphamvu. Maphunziro owonjezerawa ndikuthandizira kwakanthawi kwakanthawi kochepa, komwe cholinga chake ndikukulitsa kuthamanga kwa kuwerenga komanso kumvetsetsa mawuwo.

Kafukufuku wochitidwa ndi Bianca Dos ndi Simone Capellini [1] mu Juni 2020 akufotokoza zomwe zidachitika panjira yolimbikitsira potengera ntchito za kutumiza mwachangu. Ophunzira asanu kuyambira giredi lachitatu mpaka lachisanu (wazaka 5-8), onse amuna ndi akazi, omwe ali ndi vuto la dyslexia adasankhidwa. Ophunzira onse adapatsidwa:

  • Mayeso a Metalinguistic ndikuwerenga: Kuwerenga mawu, osati mawu, masilabo ndi matchulidwe
  • Mayeso omvetsetsa olembedwa: ndime yokhala ndi mafunso 8 osankha angapo
  • Mayeso ofulumira otchula: matebulo anayi azinthu zokopa ndi zilembo, mitundu, manambala ndi zinthu

Maphunzirowa adagawika magawo khumi:

  • 2 magawo oyambira oyesa
  • Magawo 6 olimbikitsana
  • Magawo awiri omaliza owunikira

Kuchita bwino kwa chithandizocho kunawerengedwa ndi Njira ya Jacobson ndi Truax. Zotsatira zidawonetsa kusintha kwakukulu pakuyesedwa kwa:

  • Chiphaso
  • Mafanizo
  • Kubwereza mawu
  • Kuwerenga mawu osati mawu
  • kumvetsa
  • Kutchula mwachangu

Ngakhale zotsatira zolimbikitsa, ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa kuti kafukufukuyu ali ndi zoperewera monga kukula kwazitsanzo. Komabe, zitha kunenedwa kale kuti zotsatira zoyambirira ndizolimbikitsa, podikira maphunziro komwe mayeso oyambira ndi amtsogolo amakhala kutali kwambiri, pogwiritsa ntchito maphunziro ambiri.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake