Nthawi zambiri timakonda kuwona lexicon ndi semantics ngati magulu awiri ofanana, kapena osafanana. M'malo mwake, pomwe lexicon titha kuiwona ngati gulu la "malembedwe amawu" omwe timalumikiza kuchitapo chilichonse, chinthu kapena china, semantics imagwira ntchito yakuya, ndipo imakhala ndi mawonekedwe pakati pa chilankhulo ndi njira yathu yopangira chidziwitso.

Malinga ndi malingaliro ena, titha kukhazikitsa kusiyana pakati pazigawo ziwiri (mwachitsanzo, nyama ziwiri) potengera zina kapena kaya: mkango umadya nyama, njovu njakudya, nkhuku ili ndi miyendo iwiri, mbalame zimauluka. Titha kugawa zitsanzo ndi zinthu zambiri zofananira chimodzimodzi gulu (mkango ndi njovu, ngakhale pali kusiyana, alidi ndi machitidwe ofanana mofanana kuposa ndi nyundo). Chiphunzitsochi chapangidwa kwa zaka zambiri, komanso potengera kuti, monga zawonetsedwa, sitimaganizira mamembala onse amtunduwu chimodzimodzi (njiwa, mwachitsanzo, imafanana kwambiri ndi gulu la "mbalame" kuposa penguin. ); izi zidapangitsa kuti pakhale lingaliro la kutengera, kapena kuti mgulu lililonse muli zitsanzo zoyimira kuposa ena.

Mu aphasias si zachilendo kupeza chisokonezo cha semantic chokha. M'malo mwake, zitha kuchitika zowona dementias yambani ndendende ndikuwonongeka kwa semantic system: pamenepa chilankhulidwe chikhoza kukhala cholondola kuchokera pakuwona kwa mamvekedwe ndi kalembedwe, koma wodwalayo atha kutsogozedwa paraphasias yamalingaliro, zosokoneza, mwachitsanzo, "mpeni" ndi "foloko" kapena kugwiritsa ntchito gulu lalikulu ngati "chinyama" cha "galu". Kuchokera pakuwona, zitha kuchitika kuti odwalawa amatha kugwiritsa ntchito zinthu zomwe anazolowera (monga foni yawo), koma kuti satha kukulitsa khalidweli kuzinthu zofananira, koma zatsopano (ngati foni yatsopano). Kupatula apo, chifukwa chomwe ubongo umakhazikitsira chidziwitso m'magulu ndizomwe zimakhazikitsa machitidwe wamba, mwachitsanzo wandewu patsogolo pa nyama zonse zodya o mangiare pamaso pa chilichonse chodyedwa.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Piritsi ndi aphasia: Kafukufuku akuwonetsa zotsatira za kudziyesa kunyumba

Zochita zaulere

Ntchito zambiri zogwiritsa ntchito masemantic zimakhudza masewera olimbitsa thupi kugawa, pezani wobisala e kufananiza mawu. Nazi zina mwa ntchito zathu zaulere.

Chokoma / chosakoma: Ikani - Zoona Zabodza - Pezani wofunsayo

Zipatso zamasamba: Ikani - Zoona Zabodza - Pezani wofunsayo

Timadya / sitidya: Ikani - Zoona Zabodza - Pezani wofunsayo

Chilimwe / Zima: Ikani - Zoona Zabodza - Pezani wofunsayo

Zoona-zabodza mafunso: Abbigislo - ziweto - Njira zoyendera - Zinthu

Sanjani: Nyama (zazing'ono-zazikulu) - Zipatso ndi ndiwo zamasamba (zazing'ono-zazikulu) - Mayendedwe (osafulumira) - Zinthu (zowoneka bwino kwambiri)

Zingakusangalatsaninso

Mapulogalamu athu onse akhoza kugwiritsidwa ntchito pa intaneti kwaulere. Kugwiritsa ntchito intaneti-mapulogalamu ngakhale osasokoneza pa pc yanu ndikuthandizira ntchito yathu ndikotheka download aphasia KIT. Msonkhanowu uli ndi mapulogalamu asanu a pawebusayiti (Lembani mawu, Kumvetsetsa kwa lexiki, Kutchula masilabo, Kuzindikira masilabulu ndi Zilembo) kuti zigwiritsidwe ntchito pa PC komanso masamba opitilira chikwi amakhadi okhala ndi zochitika zosindikiza, matebulo olumikizirana ndi zida zosiyanasiyana.

Tapanganso zinthu zitatu zophatikizika muzilankhulo za PDF zogawidwa ndi dera:

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Aphasia, mapiritsi ndi kukonzanso kwake: tiyeni titenge

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Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

Andrea Vianello mawu aliwonse omwe ndimadziwa