Mayeso ambiri owunika zolankhula mwa ana ndi akulu amadalira kutchula zochita kapena kusankha mayankho osiyanasiyana. Ngakhale mayeserowa ndi othandiza komanso osavuta kukonza, pachiwopsezo chosatenga mbiri yolumikizirana yonse za munthu amene tikumuwonayo, ali pachiwopsezo chosakwaniritsa zolinga zake.

M'malo mwake, maluso osokonekera komanso omasulira amayimira gawo lazilankhulo "zachilengedwe" kwambiri monga chilankhulo cha mwanayo komanso wamkulu sichimawonekera pakudziwitsa kapena kusankha maluso, koma pakutha kulumikizana ndi ena ndikufotokozera zomwe akumana nazo.

Pachifukwa ichi, cholinga chachikulu cholankhulira kuyenera kukhala kukonza luso la munthu kumvetsetsa zomwe amalandira ndikudzifotokoza kwathunthu molondola momwe angathere. Sitingatanthauze kuti "kuchita bwino" kulowererapo pakulankhula komwe kumatha kuwonjezera kuchuluka kwa mawu a mayeso omwe mwana amamuzindikira, koma zomwe sizikhala ndi zotsatira zake pakutha kulumikizana ndi ena.


Ngakhale izi, maluso osokonekera komanso omasulira nthawi zambiri amanyalanyazidwa pakuwunika chilankhulo, pokhapokha ngati pakhala pempho lomveka. Izi zimachitika chifukwa choti poyambira kupeza chilankhulo, chidwi chimayang'ana kwambiri phonological-articulatory mbali - komanso chifukwa ndikosavuta kuzindikira mwana yemwe amalakwitsa katchulidwe kake, pomwe ali ndi mavuto ofotokozera nthawi zambiri amachepetsa kuyanjana kwake kuyankha mwachidule Pachifukwa ichi nthawi zambiri amadziwika kuti ndi wamanyazi kapena wolowerera - zonse chifukwa kuwunika kwa nkhaniyi ndikotalikitsa komanso kotopetsa, makamaka ngati simunazolowere kuzichita.

Mosasamala mayeso omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito, pali zisonyezo ziwiri zomwe zingatipatse chidziwitso chofunikira pakulankhula ndi luso la kufotokoza za mwana ndi wamkulu:

  • Mawu pamphindi (PPM kapena WPM mu Chingerezi): Chiwerengero chonse cha mawu chitha kukhala chisonyezo chofunikira, koma kuyerekeza kuchuluka kwa mawu ndi nthawi yomwe yatengedwa kumatha kuwerengera zinthu zolondola koma zochedwa. Malinga ndi kafukufuku wa DeDe ndi Hoover [1], mwachitsanzo, Kupanga pansi pa 100 PPM mwa wamkulu kumatha kuwonetsa aphasia. Kuphatikiza apo, malinga ndi olemba omwewo, chizindikirochi chikuwoneka kuti chimakhudzidwa kwambiri ndi chithandizo pakakhala vuto la aphasia
  • Makampani Olondola Achidziwitso (CIU): malingana ndi tanthauzo la Nicholas ndi Brookshire [3] ndi "mawu omveka bwino pamalingaliro, olondola molingana ndi chithunzicho kapena mutu, woyenera komanso wothandiza pokhudzana ndi zomwe zili m'chithunzichi kapena mutuwo". Muyeso uwu, zomwe zimachotsa mawu osafunikira powerengera monga ma interlayers, kubwereza, kusinthana ndi ma paraphasias, atha kukhala okhudzana ndi kuchuluka kwamawu onse opangidwa (CIU / Mawu Onse) kapena mpaka nthawi (CIU / miniti) pazowunikiridwa bwino.

Kuti mumve zambiri pazomwe mungachite, tikupangira bukuli "Kusanthula kwamalankhulidwe ndi matenda azilankhulo”Wolemba Marini ndi Charlemagne [2].

zolemba

[1] (Adasankhidwa) DeDe, G. & Hoover, E. (2021). Kuyeza kusintha pamalingaliro pamankhwala otsatirawa: zitsanzo kuchokera ku aphasia wofatsa komanso wolimba. Mitu Yovuta Kwazilankhulo.

[2] Marini ndi Charlemagne, kusanthula kwamalankhulidwe ndi matenda azilankhulo, Wopopera, 2004

[3] Nicholas LE, Brookshire RH. Njira yodziwitsa kuyanjana ndi kuyankhula bwino kwa malankhulidwe achikulire omwe ali ndi aphasia. J Kulankhula Kumvera Res. 1993 Apr; 36 (2): 338-50

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