Chilankhulo, chida chofunikira kwambiri chamunthu chomwe chimakula muubwana, chimakhala chovuta pazovuta zambiri zamitsempha. Mukakonzanso chilankhulo, vuto la aphasia. Ndikofunika kuzindikira kuti zimachitika pafupipafupi, makamaka kwa odwala omwe ali ndi vuto la stroko kapena mtundu wina wa ubongo wowonongeka.[2].

Popeza kuphatikiza kwake komanso kutenga mbali zambiri zaubongo, chilankhulo chimatha kusokonekera mu matenda ambiri a neurodegenerative; zitsanzo zomveka bwino za izi ndi maganizo, ndiye kuti, kuchepa kwapang'onopang'ono kwa luso lapamwamba kwambiri. Mtundu umodzi wa dementia makamaka umakhudza chilankhulo: ndiaphasia yoyamba (PPA) ndipo amapezeka pamene mbali zaubongo zomwe zikukhudzana ndi chilankhulo zimayamba kuzimiririka[3].

PPA ikhoza kugawidwa m'magulu osiyanasiyana, kutengera zovuta za chilankhulo zomwe wodwala amafalitsa. Odwala ndi zosinthika zamtundu wa PPA (svPPA), mwachitsanzo, amakumana ndi zovuta pang'onopang'ono pakupatsa zinthu, malo kapena anthu. Nthawi ikamayenda, zimatha kuvuta pang'onopang'ono kwa iwo kuti amvetse tanthauzo la mawu ena ndipo akhoza kukumana ndi mavuto posungira zokambirana chifukwa chochepetsa mawu awo.[3].

Zosintha zomwe tafotokozazi zikumbukiranso matenda ena a neurodegenerative momwe malankhulidwe amasinthidwira mosalekeza: matenda a Alzheimer. M'migawo yoyambirira, odwala omwe ali ndi Alzheimer's angavutike kuti ayambenso kulankhula, motero amatha kutaya mtima. Vutoli likamayamba, amayamba kuchita chibwibwi, kuchita chibwibwi kapena kugwiritsa ntchito mawu osemphana, mpaka pamapeto amalephera kupanga ziganizo zolondola[1].

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Chidziwitso chodzikongoletsera patatha zoopsa za cranio-encephalic

Funso lofunika kufunsa ndi ili: Kodi njira zomwe zimayambitsa kusokonekera kwa chilankhulo m'mavuto awiriwa zikufotokozedwanso?
Ili ndiye funso lomwe De Vaughn ndi anzawo adayesa kuyankha[4] ndi kafukufuku wofalitsidwa mu Journal of Neuropsychology.
Cholinga cha alembawo chinali chowunika ndikufanizira mawu owonekera a episodic memory (pogwiritsa ntchito mndandanda wamagulu ophunzirira mayeso) mwa odwala 68 omwe ali ndi svPPA ndi 415 omwe ali ndi matenda a Alzheimer's.

Ophunzira adakumana ndi mayeso osiyanasiyana a neuropsychological okhudzana ndi chidwi, chilankhulo, kukumbukira ndi ntchito yayikulu. Zoyenera kwambiri zinali mayeso otsatirawa:

  • Kuyesa kwa kukumbukira kwa episodic (kuchotsera pomwepo ndikusintha kwamndandanda wa mawu 9, ndikuzindikira mawu ena omwe sanamvepo kale; koperani ndi chojambula)
  • Kuyesa kwa chidziwitso cha semantic (mgwirizano pakati pa liwu ndi fano).

Zotsatira zake zidawonetsa kuti odwala omwe ali ndi svPPA adapeza bwino pamayeso ophunzirira pakamwa kuposa omwe ali ndi matenda a Alzheimer's. Kuphatikiza apo, adawonetsa luso la kukumbukira kukumbukira pomwe anthu omwe ali ndi Alzheimer's adawonetsera maluso abwinoko okhudzana ndi chidziwitso cha semantic.
Kumbali ina, kunalibe kusiyana kwakumbukiro (kuzindikira mawu kumamvedwa).

Odwala omwe ali ndi Alzheimer's, kuchira kwamawu kunawoneka kukhala kosonkhezeredwa ndi magawo angapo, kuphatikiza zaka, jenda, magwiridwe antchito mu mayeso osiyanasiyana a neuropsychological, komanso kukumbukira kukumbukira kwa episodic.

Odwala omwe ali ndi svPPA, kuchira kwamlomo kumawoneka kuti amakhudzidwa ndi zomwezi koma koposa zonse mwa chidziwitso cha semantic.

Monga nthawi zonse, komanso pankhaniyi ndikofunikira kulingalira zolephera za phunziroli, monga kuchuluka kwa ofufuza omwe ali m'magulu awiriwa (ochulukirapo omwe ali ndi Alzheimer's), ndikuyembekezeranso kafukufuku wina yemwe angagwirizanitse mitundu iwiriyi odwala.

Ngakhale zili zonse, kafukufukuyu akuwonetsa kuti kukumbukira ndi lexicon ndizogwirizana, komanso kuti zimasinthidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana m'matenda osiyanasiyana a neurodegenerative, ngakhale atawoneka kuti ali ofanana. Izi ndizothandiza osati pongomvetsetsa za mavutowa komanso pokonzekera njira zoyenera zochizira mogwirizana ndi zosowa ndi mphamvu zotsalira za odwala.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

Mphamvu ya kukumbukira kwa Episodic