Kuda nkhawa pamayeso ndi kuphatikiza kwa malingaliro amisala, kuphatikiza nkhawa, mantha, kupsinjika, ndikuopa kulephera komwe kumachitika panthawi yomwe mukuyesedwa. Ndi kagawo kakang'ono ka nkhawa komwe kamakhudzana ndi kutengeka komwe amalimbikira pamene munthu ayang'anizana ndi kuyesa luso lawo.

Zimasiyana ndi mitundu ina ya nkhawa kuyambira pamenepo Chowunika chachikulu ndi pazowunika ndipo zimawonekera kwambiri pakati pa ophunzira amitundu yonse yamaphunziro. Amakonda kutchulidwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana monga nkhawa zamayeso, nkhawa zamaphunziro, kapena kupsinjika kwa mayeso, ndipo kafukufuku akuwonetsa kuti alipo pakati pa ophunzira 15% mpaka 22%.

Kuda nkhawa kwamayeso kumakhudza magwiridwe antchito chifukwa chakusokonekera kuwongolera chidwi. Kuphatikiza apo, zimasiyana pamunthu payekha (mwachitsanzo, kutengera msinkhu ndi jenda), zimatengera momwe zinthu zilili komanso zochitika zina ndi zina zomwe zingakulitsa mwayi wakubwera (olosera). Kuphatikiza apo, pali zosiyana payokha malinga ndi momwe zinthu zilili.

Ofufuza ambiri ayesa kuyeza nkhawa zamayeso, ndipo zida zingapo zoyesera zapangidwa. Mwa izi, Kuyesa Kuda Nkhawa kwa Ana (TASC) imalingaliridwa muyeso wagolidi woyesa kuyesa kwa ana.
Poyerekeza ndi malingaliro am'malingaliro awa, komabe, zikuwoneka kuti panalibe chidziwitso cholongosoka cha ma correlates (mwachitsanzo, zinthu zomwe zimasiyana mosiyanasiyana ndi nkhawa) komanso olosera zamtsogolo (mwachitsanzo, zinthu zomwe kupezeka kwawo kumawonjezera mwayi wamankhwala). Ena mwa mafunso oyambira, mwachitsanzo, amakhudzana ndi zinthu zomwe zimayambitsa vutoli, momwe zimakhudzira nkhawa, komanso momwe zimakhudzira ophunzira.

Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Zambiri zaulere kuti muphunzire matebulo ochulukitsa

Von Der Embse ndi anzawo mu 2017[1], kudzera pakuwunika meta kutengera kafukufuku 238 wakale wofalitsidwa kuyambira 1988, adayesa kuyankha mafunso awa.
M'bukuli, olembawo adalongosola zakukhudzidwa kwa nkhawa pamayeso pazinthu zosiyanasiyana zomwe zikuyenera kuchitidwa, poyesetsanso kumvetsetsa kusiyanasiyana kwa anthu komanso maluso anzawo.

Izi ndizo zotsatira zazikulu:

  • jenda. Akazi amatha kuwonetsa nkhawa zambiri pamayeso kuposa amuna.
  • Mtundu. Ophunzira ochokera m'mafuko ang'onoang'ono amatha kunena zakukhala ndi nkhawa kwambiri kuposa anzawo.
  • Maluso. Nkhawa zamayeso zimatha kuchepa luso la ophunzira likakulirakulira.
  • Zosiyanasiyana. Ophunzira amapezeka ADHD amawonetsa nkhawa zambiri kuposa ophunzira omwe sanazindikiridwe.
  • Zinthu zowunika. Kuda nkhawa kwamayeso kumakulirakulirabe mayeso aliwonse omwe angafotokozedwe ngati kuwunika kwa munthu pomwe mulingo ukhoza kuchepa mayeso ataperekedwa ngati masewera olimbitsa thupi kapena mwayi wophunzira.
  • Kudzidalira. Kudzidalira kumachepetsa nkhawa kudzera pakudziwa bwino zomwe munthu adachita kale.
  • Zizindikiro za magwiridwe antchito. Kupsinjika kwa mayeso, koma magiredi apakati komanso kuchuluka kwa mayeso kumawoneka ngati olosera zamayeso akulemba.
  • Grounds. Kukonzekera kwamaganizowa kumachepetsa nkhawa pakati pa ophunzira ndikuwathandiza kuwonjezera magwiridwe antchito.
  • Zolinga zakukwaniritsa maphunziro. Kuyesera kukweza magwiridwe antchito pamaphunziro kumatha kukhudza pang'ono maphunziro ndi zotsatira zamaphunziro.

Pomaliza, kudzera mu kafukufukuyu, olembawo amafotokoza zakupezeka kwa ubale womveka bwino pakati pa nkhawa zamayeso ndi zina zambiri zomwe zimaganiziridwa. Komabe, pakufunika kafukufuku wina kuti apange mayesero kuti athe kuyerekezera komwe kungagwiritsidwe ntchito ngati kuwunika ndikuwunika zovuta zosiyanasiyana. Zida izi zitha kupangitsa kuti mumvetsetse bwino momwe magwiridwe antchito amagwirira ntchito zomwe zingathandizenso akatswiri omwe akuchita nawo maphunziro kuti apititse patsogolo magwiridwe antchito.

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