Theaphasia Ndi vuto lazilankhulo lomwe limawonekera pakupanga kusintha kapena kumvetsetsa chilankhulidwe chapakamwa kapena cholembedwa. Zimachitika makamaka potsatira kuvulala kwaubongo kapena sitiroko ndipo zitha kuchititsanso zovuta kumvetsetsa. Zotsatira zake, anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia nthawi zambiri amakumana moyo wotsika.

Zolephera zowerengera zimasiyanasiyana m'mawonekedwe awo komanso kusintha kosintha. Zitha kuchitika powerenga mokweza kapena kumvetsetsa zomwe zawerengedwa, potengera mawu amodzi ndi mawu athunthu. Komanso, zomwe zimayambitsa kuchepa kwa kuwerenga ndizosiyanasiyana: atha kukhudzidwa ndimachitidwe amawu kapena ma lexical, komanso yolumikizidwa ndikusintha kwazidziwitso.

M'mbuyomu, mankhwala angapo adapangidwa kuti athane ndi zovuta zowerenga. Kugwiritsa ntchito njira zodziwikiratu kunali kovomerezeka kwambiri; izi zimalola owerenga kuthana ndi vuto lakumvetsetsa koma sanawonetsedwe kuti afotokozere mayankhidwe amachitidwe ndikuwunikira njira zochiritsira zowerengera anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia.

Mu 2018 Purdy[2] ndi omwe adagwira nawo ntchito adawunikanso mwatsatanetsatane zolembazo zokhudzana ndi zovuta zakumvetsetsa ku aphasia ndi chithandizo chofananira. Makamaka, mitundu inayi yamankhwala idaganiziridwa:

  • Chithandizo chowerengera mokweza: anamanga kuti amvetsetse poyang'ana kuwerenga mokweza mwa anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia wolimba-woopsa
  • Chithandizo chokhazikika: adapangidwa kuti athe kumvetsetsa kuwerenga; imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi momwe mapangidwe ake aliri komanso mawonekedwe ake. Zikuwoneka ngati chithandizo chothandiza kwa anthu omwe ali ofatsa aphasia kapena kuvutika kuwerenga.
  • Chithandizo chamankhwala: ndi mankhwala owerengera malinga ndi masewera apakompyuta malinga ndi zomwe Kartz ndi Wertz amapereka[1]. Ntchito yawo iwonetsa kuti kugwiritsa ntchito makina owerenga pakompyuta sikungowonjezera kuwerenga kokha, komanso kuzinthu zina zomwe siziwerenga.

Zotsatira za kusanthula kwa ziwerengero zamaphunziro omwe adasanthula ndizosiyana kwambiri. Komabe, olemba kuwunika mwatsatanetsatane akuti a chithandizo chowerengera mokweza ikhoza kukhala njira yovuta kwambiri pazomwe zilipo ndipo imadziwonetsera ngati yotha kusintha kumvetsetsa kwa kuwerenga.

Padzakhalanso umboni woti mphamvu ya chithandizo chakuwerenga pamakompyuta, koma kuchuluka kwa magwiridwe antchito ndi kusintha pakati pa magulu kumasiyana kwambiri pakati pa maphunziro osiyanasiyana omwe apangidwa ndi njirayi.

Purdy ndi anzawo akumaliza Kuwerenga mokweza chithandizo kumawoneka kuti kungapangitse kuti anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia zovuta, pomwe njira zina zitha kuwonetsa kupambana kwa anthu omwe ali ndi vuto lowerenga pang'ono. Njira zotsalirazo, mwachitsanzo, zochokera pamalingaliro, chithandizo chazidziwitso, komanso machitidwe azachikhalidwe, zakhala zikuyenda bwino pakumvetsetsa kuwerenga, koma zotsatira zake sizikugwirizana. Zachidziwikire, kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa omwe akutenga nawo mbali, ndondomeko zamankhwala, komanso kuyesa koyeserera kumatha kulepheretsa anthu kuganiza kuti mankhwalawa angathandize munthu aliyense aphasia.

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake