Theaphasia Ndi vuto lazilankhulo lomwe limawonekera pakupanga kusintha kapena kumvetsetsa chilankhulidwe chapakamwa kapena cholembedwa. Zimachitika makamaka pambuyo povulala ubongo kapena sitiroko ndipo zingathenso kuyambitsa mavuto owerenga. Zotsatira zake, anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia nthawi zambiri amakumana moyo wotsika.

Zolephera zowerengera zimasiyanasiyana m'mawonekedwe awo komanso kusintha kosintha. Zitha kuchitika powerenga mokweza kapena kumvetsetsa zomwe zawerengedwa, potengera mawu amodzi ndi mawu athunthu. Komanso, zomwe zimayambitsa kuchepa kwa kuwerenga ndizosiyanasiyana: atha kukhudzidwa ndimachitidwe amawu kapena ma lexical, komanso yolumikizidwa ndikusintha kwazidziwitso.

M'mbuyomu, mankhwala angapo adapangidwa kuti athane ndi zovuta zowerenga. Kugwiritsa ntchito njira zodziwikiratu kunali kovomerezeka kwambiri; izi zimalola owerenga kuthana ndi vuto lakumvetsetsa koma sanawonetsedwe kuti afotokozere mayankhidwe amachitidwe ndikuwunikira njira zochiritsira zowerengera anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia.


Mu 2018 Purdy[2] ndi omwe adagwira nawo ntchito adawunikanso mwatsatanetsatane zolembazo zokhudzana ndi zovuta zakumvetsetsa ku aphasia ndi chithandizo chofananira. Makamaka, mitundu inayi yamankhwala idaganiziridwa:

  • Chithandizo chowerengera mokweza: anamanga kuti amvetsetse poyang'ana kuwerenga mokweza mwa anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia wolimba-woopsa
  • Chithandizo chokhazikika: adapangidwa kuti athe kumvetsetsa kuwerenga; imasiyanasiyana malinga ndi momwe mapangidwe ake aliri komanso mawonekedwe ake. Zikuwoneka ngati chithandizo chothandiza kwa anthu omwe ali ofatsa aphasia kapena kuvutika kuwerenga.
  • Chithandizo chamaganizidwe: imayang'ana kwambiri pazomwe zimayambitsa, mwachitsanzo mavuto a Attenzione o ntchito kukumbukira, omwe ali ndi udindo wowerenga zovuta zakumvetsetsa. Zimasonyeza kusintha kwa anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia zolimbitsa thupi komanso zina zotsalira kuti athe kuwerenga lembalo.
  • Chithandizo chamankhwala: ndi mankhwala owerengera malinga ndi masewera apakompyuta malinga ndi zomwe Kartz ndi Wertz amapereka[1]. Ntchito yawo iwonetsa kuti kugwiritsa ntchito makina owerenga pakompyuta sikungowonjezera kuwerenga kokha, komanso kuzinthu zina zomwe siziwerenga.

Zotsatira za kusanthula kwa ziwerengero zamaphunziro omwe adasanthula ndizosiyana kwambiri. Komabe, olemba kuwunika mwatsatanetsatane akuti a chithandizo chowerengera mokweza ikhoza kukhala njira yovuta kwambiri pazomwe zilipo ndipo imadziwonetsera ngati yotha kusintha kumvetsetsa kwa kuwerenga.

Padzakhalanso umboni woti mphamvu ya chithandizo chakuwerenga pamakompyuta, koma kuchuluka kwa magwiridwe antchito ndi kusintha pakati pa magulu kumasiyana kwambiri pakati pa maphunziro osiyanasiyana omwe apangidwa ndi njirayi.

Purdy ndi anzawo akumaliza Kuwerenga mokweza chithandizo kumawoneka kuti kungapangitse kuti anthu omwe ali ndi aphasia zovuta, pomwe njira zina zitha kuwonetsa kupambana kwa anthu omwe ali ndi vuto lowerenga pang'ono. Njira zotsalirazo, mwachitsanzo, zomwe zimakhazikitsidwa pamalingaliro, chithandizo chazidziwitso, komanso machitidwe am'magulu, zakhala zikuthandizira kusintha kumvetsetsa kwa kuwerenga, koma zotsatira zake sizikugwirizana. Zachidziwikire, kusiyana kwakukulu pakati pa omwe akutenga nawo mbali, ndondomeko zamankhwala, komanso kuyesa koyeserera kumatha kuletsa malingaliro kuti asatengeke pazokhudza chithandizo cha munthu aliyense amene ali ndi aphasia.

M'tsogolomu, mayesero olamulidwa a chithandizo chamankhwala omwe angakhudze zovuta zakumvetsetsa zitha kuthandiza kukonza kumvetsetsa kwa anthu aphasia. Poganizira kusankha kwa omwe atenga nawo mbali, kulimba kwamankhwala ndi njira zomwe zingagwiritsenso ntchito zitha kuthandizanso kuti kuwerenga kumveke bwino ku aphasia.

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zolakwa: Okhutira zimatetezedwa !!