Mwa munthu wamkulu, yemwe amapeza dysgraphia (kapena agraphia) ndiye kutaya pang'ono kapena kwathunthu kwakuthekera kolemba. Nthawi zambiri zimachitika pambuyo povulala ubongo (sitiroko, kupwetekedwa mutu) kapena matenda amanjenje. Popeza zigawo zikuluzikulu pakulemba ndizochuluka (chidziwitso cha zilembo, chikumbukiro chogwirira ntchito kuti chizikumbukiridwa, kuthekera kolemba zilembo) ndi zina zambiri, pali mitundu yosiyanasiyana yaumbanda zomwe zimatha kuyambika kuchokera "pakatikati" (potero kusanthula kwazilankhulo) ndi "zotumphukira" (osati zilankhulo, monga micrography mu mavuto a Parkinson). Ngakhale kunyalanyaza zitha kuyambitsa zovuta kulemba.

Kuwunikanso kwaposachedwa kwa Tiu ndi Carter (2020) [1] kumatithandiza kuti tithe kukhazikitsa bata pakati pamitundu yosiyanasiyana yaumbanda.

Pali zilembo "zoyera" pomwe zilankhulo kapena zoyipa zina zomwe sizinalembedwe zimasokonekera. Agraphias oyera amatha kusiyanitsidwa mu kusokoneza chilankhulo zoyera (chilankhulo ndikuwerenga bwino, zolemba wamba, koma zolakwitsa pamawu ndi mawu) ndi kusokonezeka kwa apraxic zoyera (chilankhulo ndi kuwerenga kokwanira, zolemba zidasokonekera, zovuta kuchita ma praxis okha okhudzana ndi kulemba). Zachidziwikire, pakati pa mitengo iwiri iyi, pakhoza kukhala magulu osiyanasiyana osakanikirana mbali zonse.


Pokhudzana ndi mtundu wa aphasia titha kukhala nawo:

Chithunzi cha osasia bwino aphasiaKulemba nthawi zambiri kumawonetsera mawonekedwe a aphasia; kupanga ndi kochepa ndipo pamakhala zosiyidwa m'makalata. Zolemba pamanja nthawi zambiri zimakhala zopanda pake ndipo agrammatism imakhalapo.
Ndemanga ya bwino aphasiaMomwemonso, kulembako kukuwonetsa mawonekedwe a aphasia; kuchuluka kwa mawu omwe atulutsidwa atha kukhala ochulukirapo ndikupanga neologisms. Zinthu za galamala zitha kukhala zochulukirapo pokhudzana ndi mayina.
Chithunzi polemba aphasiaPali maphunziro ochepa pa izi; ena a iwo amatanthauzira, ngakhale polemba, ku chodabwitsa cha "ngalande d'approche" yomwe ilipo pakulankhula.

Zida zomwe wodwala angazindikire mtundu wa aphasia ndi izi:

  • La zojambulajambula (Chizindikiro cha apraxic agrafia)
  • Il kulembedwa (kunyengerera pachilankhulo, koma osati mwachinyengo)
  • La koperani (zolemba zomwe zimawongolera pamakalata zitha kuwonetsa kusokonekera kwakukulu kwamilingo)
  • Njira zina zolembera (mwachitsanzo pakompyuta kapena foni yam'manja) zitha kuwunikira zovuta zina zamtundu winawake
  • Kulemba kwa osati mawu: amalola kusiyanitsa kuchuluka kwa kuwonongeka, makamaka ngati gawo lazovuta zakhudzidwa

zolemba

Tiu JB, Carter AR. Agraphia. 2020 Jul 15. Mu: StatPearls [Intaneti]. Treasure Island (FL): StatPearls Yofalitsa; 2021

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

zolakwa: Okhutira zimatetezedwa !!
mwayi wopeza aphasia