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Mavuto a kusukulu, omwe nthawi zambiri amadziwika kuti alibe nkhawa kapena ulesi, amatha kubisa kukhalapo kwa vuto linalake la kuphunzira (matendawa, dysorthography, dyscalculia, dysgraphia). Popeza kulowererapo koyambirira kumalola kuyambitsa sukulu komanso zothandizira zakunja zomwe zimathandizira chidwi cha mwana ndi momwe sukulu ikuchitira. Ndikofunikira, poyang'ana kukayikira koyambitsa matenda enaake ophunzirira (DSA), kuchita kafukufuku wofufuza momwe angathere.

Kufikira izi, talemba mndandanda wazisonyezo (wopsinjika ndi zaka) womwe, wathunthu, ungatanthauze vuto linalake la kuphunzira.

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Zaka 3-5

chilankhulo

  • Mawu amalira pang'onopang'ono
  • Mwa mawu amomwewo amasintha mawu ena, mpaka zimapangitsa chilankhulo chake kukhala chovuta kumvetsetsa kwa omwe samamudziwa
  • Zimatulutsa mawu oyamba pambuyo pa miyezi 18 ya moyo komanso / kapena ziganizo zoyambirira, za mawu awiri, itatha miyezi 2
  • Pambuyo pake, kuyambira wazaka zitatu, mawu ataliatali samasankhidwa ndipo / kapena mawu amafupikira komanso / kapena olakwika polankhula
  • Samazindikira konse mawu omwe amapanga mawu ndipo amatha kuwasokoneza
  • Ndikosavuta kugawa mawuwo m'magulu a ma syllabic (kusanthula kwa silabasi) ndi / kapena kuwabwezeretsa kwathunthu kuyambira pa silabasi (silabasi)
  • Ndikosavuta kuphunzira ndi / kapena kuzindikira mawu okhala ndi mawu othandizira kapena nyimbo
  • Zitha kumvetsetsa zomwe mukumva
  • Mawu omwe agwiritsidwa ntchito sakhala oyenera kuzungulira mutu kapena asinthidwa

Kumbukirani

  • Zimakhala zovuta kukumbukira dzina lolondola la zinthu
  • Sichikukonzekera kukumbukira (mayina, zinthu, manambala, ndi zina).

Learnings

  • Zimakhala zovuta kuphunzira kulemba dzina lanu
  • Ndikosavuta kutchera khutu kuwonetsa zingapo komanso nthawi imodzi nthawi imodzi (kudula, kuvala nsapato, ndi zina).
  • Ndikovuta kuphunzira manambala, masiku a sabata, mitundu ndi mawonekedwe

kugwirizana

  • Zitha kuwoneka ngati zosagwirizana komanso zosasunthika kusuntha mukamasewera kapena kuchita masewera (mwachitsanzo, kumenya mpira pa ntchentche)

zambiri

  • Ndikosavuta kuyendera liwiro

Kodi tingatani pamsika uno?

Zaka 5-7

chilankhulo

  • Zimakhala zovuta kufotokoza malingaliro amunthu
  • Mawu atali amatha kulembedwa molakwika
  • Ndikosavuta kugawa mawu kukhala mawu (kusanthula kwa phonofu) ndikuwabwezera kuchokera kwa iwo

Kumbukirani

  • Nthawi zambiri samakumbukira mndandandandawo (manambala, mayina, zinthu, ndi zina zambiri) makamaka ngati akutsatizana

Learnings

  • Ndikosavuta kukopera ndi kulongosola mwachidule
  • phunzirani msanga mwakuwonera, ziwonetsero, kuyesera ndi zothandizira kuwona
  • Kulemba sikowerengeka bwino. - Polemba, siyani zilembo mkati mwa mawu ndi / kapena sinthani madongosolo awo
  • Zitha kumvetsetsa kuwerenga chifukwa chakuwerenga mwachangu komanso molondola
  • Amamvetsetsa bwino zolembedwa m'malo mowerenga mawu akutali
  • Zimasintha kumvetsetsa munthu wina akakuwerengera
  • Amachedwa kuwerenga, sazindikira zambiri komanso amatha kulankhula bwino (amakhala ndi zovuta komanso amavutika kuwerenga mokweza)
  • Ndikosavuta kuwerenga nthawi pa wotchi ndi manja
  • Kutopa muzochita monga kusoka nsapato, kupanga mfundo ndi kuvala
  • Amatha kunena manambala molondola komanso nthawi yomweyo amavutika kuwerengetsa zinthu
  • Amatha kuwerengeka pogwiritsa ntchito zala zake zokha
  • Ndiwanzeru koma sachita bwino maphunziro, makamaka mayeso olembedwa
  • Mwina simungamvetse zolemba zanu
  • Amawerenga ndikulemba zoyipa kuposa momwe amayembekezera kupatsidwa luntha lake
  • Zimakhala zovuta kuwerenga mawu omwe adalankhulidwa pawokha
  • Mawu, makamaka ngati atsopano, sawerengedwa bwino
  • Ngakhale pakuzindikira mawu amafupikirako amatha kusokonezeka
  • Pezani zovuta zowerenga zowonjezera (kuyambira, mpaka,,, pakati, pakati) kuposa mawu a mawu okhutira (kuyenda, ofiira, dzuwa)
  • Amachedwa kuphunzira ndikusunga ubale pakati pa zilembo ndi mawu

Organizzazione

  • Kukonzekera kovuta

likukula

  • Zikuwoneka kuti zili ndi mavuto akuwoneka pomwe sizikutuluka mayeso oyenera
  • Akamawerenga, amalankhula kuti akuwona mawuwo akusuntha kapena opunduka

Kodi tingatani pamsika uno?

Zaka 7-12

chilankhulo

  • Zimatenga nthawi yayitali komanso lexicon yocheperapo kuti mufotokoze zowona

Kumbukirani

  • Onetsani zovuta kukumbukira manambala a foni ndi masiku akubadwa (ngakhale anu)

Learnings

  • Pitilizani kusokonezeka ndi dongosolo la zilembo zomwe zimapanga mawu
  • Kutopa kapena kusatha kuphunzira magome ochulukitsa
  • Kusowa kwa kutsimikiza komanso kulondola pakuwerenga kumalepheretsa kumvetsetsa kwawo
  • Amalemba pogwiritsa ntchito mawu ochepa
  • Zolakwika za spelling ndizochulukirapo poyerekeza ndi zaka (mwachitsanzo kuwerenga kapena kulemba liwu lomweli, lachiwiri limasinthidwa; kulumpha, kuloza kapena kusintha zilembo zina)
  • Zolemba zanu ndizosawerengeka
  • Amawerenga molakwika poyerekeza ndi zomwe zikuyembekezeka munzeru yake (zosakwanira bwino)
  • Kuti mupewe kuwerenga, pezani pepani
  • Kutopa m'masamu chifukwa cha zovuta zamalilime (i.e. zingasokoneze manambala ndi zizindikilo)

Organizzazione

  • Ntchito yakunyumba siikhomedwa
  • Yesetsani kulinganiza pogwiritsa ntchito diary ya sukulu
  • Tiwonetse kulinganiza koperewera ndi luso la bungwe pazantchito zake

lathu

  • Zimakhala zovuta kukumbukira tsiku kapena mwezi wapomwe
  • Zimakhala zovuta kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yanu
  • Ndikosavuta kusiyanitsa kumanzere ndi kumanja
  • Atha kukhala ndi vuto lodzisuntha

Malo amtendere

  • Vutoli limavutika kuti lizigwirizana ndi anzawo komanso / kapena akulu (mwachitsanzo, ophunzira anzawo ndi / kapena aphunzitsi)
  • Sonyezani kudzidalira pang'ono

Kodi tingatani pamsika uno?

Zoposa zaka 12

chilankhulo

  • Kusunga matchulidwe olakwika a mawu
  • Amakhala ndi zovuta mu spelling
  • Amayankha mafunso pang'onopang'ono, makamaka ngati akufuna yankho lalikulu komanso lomveka bwino
  • Imasokoneza mawu otalikirapo ('Ferment' ndi 'chidutswa')

Kumbukirani

  • Zimakhala zovuta kuloweza
  • Ndikosavuta kukumbukira mayina amawu, monga omwe akunena za zinthu kapena anthu

Learnings

  • M'malemba olembedwa amalimbana ndi syntax ndi spelling
  • Siyani homuweki yokwanira
  • Kutopa mu kaphatikizidwe
  • Ndikovuta kutengera kuchokera pa bolodi lakuda ndikulemba
  • Zimakonda kusiya kapena kupewa kuwerenga ndi kulemba ntchito
  • Chifukwa cha zovuta zowerenga, kuchuluka kwa zikhalidwe kungakhale kochepa
  • Maluso apakamwa amaposa omwe amalembedwa
  • Ndikosavuta kupanga ndi kulemba mawu olembedwa
  • Mapulofesa nthawi zambiri amati kusukulu sazindikira, nthawi zambiri samamaliza zolemba zake chifukwa 'amangotsala' ndikulephera kulemekeza nthawi yomwe anakonza
  • Zolemba pamanja ndizosachedwa komanso zovuta mpaka zimakhala zovuta kuwerenga
  • Kutopa kwambiri pamaphunziro
  • Zochita zake zamaphunziro sizofanana ndi kudzipereka kwake kuphunzira ndi luntha lake labwino
  • Kusunga pang'ono bwino komanso kolakwika

Organizzazione

  • Amapitilizabe kukhala ndi mabungwe opanda nzeru komanso luso lotha kukonza
  • Zimakhala zovuta kugwiritsa ntchito nthawi yanu

Malo amtendere

  • Amatha kuda nkhawa ndi mavuto ake kusukulu
  • Khalani ndi kudziona wotsika

Kodi tingatani pamsika uno?

  • Kuyesa kwa Neuropsychological Cholinga chachikulu pa zonse kuti azindikire zida zowerengera ndi kutumiza ophunzira kuti apititse patsogolo maphunziro awo

ONANI ZOSAVUTA: mfundo zomwe zikuwonetsedwa pamndandandandawu sizipezeka nthawi imodzi koma nthawi zambiri zina zimaphatikizidwa. Kuphatikiza apo, ziyenera kutsimikiziridwa kuti mawonekedwe awa samangokhala ndi dyslexia (kapena vuto lina lapadera la kuphunzira) komanso mulimonse siziyimira chidziwitso chodziwitsa, koma chisonyezo chokha cha kukhalapo kwodziwika kwa Specialific Disorder (DSA), pamaso pawo kholo limalimbikitsidwa kuti kukhale ndi katswiri wofufuzira.

Kodi mukufuna kufunsa kutiunike?

Zambiri zothandiza: nthawi, malo, mtengo

Mabuku oti muphunzire za DSA ndi BES

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Mutha kukhala ndi chidwi ndi: Kukumbukira mawu ndi ntchito mwachangu monga chizindikiro cha dyslexia mwa ophunzira aku koleji

Yambani kutayipa ndikudina Enter kuti musake

nyimbo ndi dyslexia