"Ndiuzeni nyama zonse zomwe zikubwera m'mutu mwanu kamphindi". Uku ndikuyerekeza kwamayeso a Kuchita bwino pamalingaliro, Wopezeka m'mabatire osiyanasiyana pazaka zakukula ndi ukalamba (BVN, BVL, NEPSY-II kungotchulapo ochepa). Chiyesocho chimapereka mwachangu (mphindi imodzi pagulu) ndipo, mwina pachifukwa ichi, chimagwiritsidwa ntchito kwambiri pakuwunika kwa ma neuropsychological. Koma chimayesa chiyani kwenikweni?

Zachidziwikire kuti mutha kuchita bwino mayeso a semantic ndikofunikira kukhala ndi yabwino nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zakale komanso zamatsenga momwe mungatenge mawu oyenera. Nyumba yosungiramo zokha, zachidziwikire, siyokwanira. Kwa iyo tiyenera kuwonjezera kuthekera kwa pezani mosavuta

Chinthu china chofunikira ndi cha strategy kutengera: pali iwo omwe, atazindikira kuti kachilombo (monga: "ntchentche"), amapitilizabe ndi zinthu za m'gulu lomwelo ("mavu", "nyanga", "njuchi") asanathamange ndikupita kwina nyama zomwe zili ndi mawonekedwe ofanana ("parrot", "njiwa", "chiwombankhanga"); pali ena, mwachitsanzo, omwe amakonda kugwiritsa ntchito njira yolankhulirana ("galu", "canary", "hummingbird", "cormorant", "ng'ona").


Muyeneranso kusunga kukumbukira mayankho omwe aperekedwa kale kuti apewe kubwereza.

Pomaliza, popeza kuyezetsa bwino nthawi zambiri kumakhudza magawo awiri amalingaliro (mwachitsanzo, "Zakudya" ndi "Zinyama") ndi magulu awiri amawu (mwachitsanzo, "Mawu oyambira S" ndi "Mawu oyambira ndi F") ndikofunikira kukhala ndi okwanira mphatso za kusinthasintha kuti asadzikakamize pagulu la gulu lomwelo (mwachitsanzo, osakhoza kunena china chilichonse kupatula tizilombo tomwe tili m'gulu la "Zinyama") kapena poyesa mayeso ena kupita kwina (zimachitika, mwachitsanzo, kuti ana ena ndi achikulire, pamayeso "Ndiuzeni mawu onse omwe amayamba ndi S" amangonena nyama zokha monga "Njoka", "Scorpio", ndi zina zotero).

Kuchokera pano, ndiyeso "lodetsa" kwambiri zomwe siziyesa ntchito inayake, koma zimakhudzidwa ndi magwiridwe antchito (kapena kusachita bwino) kwa ntchito zingapo. Kafukufuku wina, kuphatikiza waku Italiya wa Reverberi ndi anzawo [1], ayesa kuzindikira zigawo zikuluzikulu pakayesedwe kabwino ka semantic ndi momwe izi zitha kudziwonetsera m'matenda osiyanasiyana (kuchokera Matenda a Alzheimer pamitundu yosiyanasiyana ya Progressive Aphasia Choyambirira).

Ndiye bwanji muzigwiritsa ntchito? Choyamba chifukwa, mwa munthu wamkulu, Matenda osiyanasiyana opatsirana amatha kudziwonetsa okha ndikuchepetsa nyumba yosungiramo zinthu zamatsenga ndi / kapena mwayi wofikira. Chifukwa chake tili ndi mayeso omwe angaperekedwe munthawi yochepa yomwe ingatipatse chidziwitso choyamba chokhudza thanzi la gawo lazilankhulozi. Kuphatikiza apo, kwa akulu, mayeso ovuta kwambiri apangidwa, makamaka akuwonetsedwa kwa iwo omwe ali ndi maphunziro apamwamba, monga kusinthasintha kwa ma Costa ndi anzawo [2]. Kuphatikiza apo, ngakhale kuli kovuta kuzindikira masamba azigawo kuyambira pachiyesochi, tikudziwa kuti zovuta zomwe zimatuluka pakumveka kwamawu ndizokhudzana kwambiri ndi kuwonongeka kwapambuyo, pomwe mayankho ochepa pakuchepa kwa semantic amalumikizana ndi kuwonongeka kokhudzana ndi lobe wakanthawi [3]

zolemba

[1] Reverberi C, Cherubini P, Baldinelli S, Luzzi S. Semantic mwachangu: maziko ozindikira komanso magwiridwe antchito azidziwitso m'matenda a dementia ndi matenda a Alzheimer's. Kotekisi. 2014 Meyi; 54: 150-64. onetsani: 10.1016 / j.cortex.2014.02.006

[2] Costa A, Bagoj E, Monaco M, Zabberoni S, De Rosa S, Papantonio AM, Mundi C, Caltagirone C, Carlesimo GA. Kukhazikitsa ndi chidziwitso chokhazikika chomwe chimapezeka mwa anthu aku Italiya ngati chida chatsopano cholankhulira, mayeso amawu / semantic osinthasintha. Neurol Sci. 2014 Mar; 35 (3): 365-72. (Adasankhidwa) onetsani: 10.1007 / s10072-013-1520-8

[3] Henry, JD, & Crawford, JR (2004). Kuwunikiranso kwa Meta-Analytic of Verbal Fluency Performance Kuchita Zilonda Zoyeserera. Neuropsychology, 18(2), 284-295.

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