Tinalemba kale zambiri m'mbuyomu za ntchito zazikulu ndi nzeru; Wina adzazindikira kuti ndizosatheka kutulutsa malire momveka bwino kumatanthauzidwe amtundu uliwonsewo mpaka kupeza kufanana kofunikira.

Pofotokozera ntchito zazikuluzikulu titha kunena kuti ndi maluso osiyanasiyana ogwirizana kuyambira kuthekera kosavuta modzipereka kuchitapo kanthu ndikuletsa machitidwe ena mpaka mapulani zovuta, kuthekera kwa kuthetsa mavuto ndi zonsenzeru[1]. Malingaliro okonzekera, kuthetsa mavuto ndi nzeru, komabe, ndizogwirizana ndi luntha.

Chifukwa chake ndichachizolowezi kuyesetsa kusiyanitsa malingaliro awiriwa, mwachitsanzo, magwiridwe antchito ndi kuthekera kwa luntha, mpaka kutsogolera olemba ena kuti aziganiza kuti pali kulumikizana kwathunthu pakati pazinthu zina zanzeru ndi zina zoyang'anira-chidwi[2], potengera kulumikizana kwakukulu pakati pawo komwe kumapezeka mchitsanzo cha achikulire a "normotypical" (ndikupatsanso kulosera zamphamvu kwa ana pokhudzana ndi chitukuko chamtsogolo cha luso lawo la kulingalira[4]).


Kuthandizira kusiyanitsa zomangamanga ziwirizi kumatha kubwera kuchokera kuzitsanzo za anthu wamba, monga ana aluso. Montoya-Arenas ndi anzawo[3] asankha ana ambiri, ogawidwa ndi nzeru zambiri (IQ pakati pa 85 ndi 115), nzeru zapamwamba (IQ pakati pa 116 ndi 129) e anzeru kwambiri (IQ pamwambapa 129, i.e. wamphatso); ana onse adayesedwa nzeru ndi kuwunika kwakukulu kwa ntchito zoyang'anira. Cholinga chake chinali kusanthula ngati magulu awiriwa azigwirizana m'magulu atatuwa.

Nchiyani chatuluka mu kafukufukuyu?

Ngakhale munjira zosiyanasiyana, ma indices osiyanasiyana omwe amachokera pamlingo waluntha komanso kuchuluka kwamayeso osiyanasiyana pantchito zoyang'anira adalumikizidwa kwambiri m'magulu ang'onoang'ono komanso anzeru; chidziwitso chosangalatsa kwambiri, komabe, ndi china: mu gulu la ana aluso mitundu yosiyanasiyana yomwe imachokera pamlingo waluntha ndi omwe akukhudzana ndi mayeso amachitidwe oyang'anira sanawonetse kulumikizana kwakukulu.
Malinga ndi zomwe zangotchulidwa kumene, maumboniwo amatsogolera pazifukwa ziwiri:

  • Ntchito zoyang'anira ndi luntha ndi magawo awiri osiyana (kapena, mayesero anzeru ndi mayeso oyang'anira chidwi amayesa maluso osiyanasiyana)
  • Mosiyana ndi zomwe zimachitika pakukula kwa ana, mwa iwo omwe ali ndi mphatso magwiridwe antchito audindo samadalira nzeru

Izi ndizofunikira kwambiri, zomwe zimachitika nthawi zambiri, amafuna kuti amasuliridwe mosamala kwambiri polekezera pakufufuza, choyambirira choyimira chomwe sichimayimira anthu onse (ngakhale ana omwe akutukuka kumene, kapena omwe ali ndi mphatso) popeza maphunziro onse adasankhidwa potengera sukulu (kwambiri) .

NANSO MUNGAKONDWE

ZIMENE BAIBULO LIMAPHUNZITSA

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zolakwa: Okhutira zimatetezedwa !!
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